For many children going to school becomes a constant source of stress, workload can be compared to your work at the office. How to help your child to learn the knowledge and contribute to its rapid adaptation to the everyday work? Now it is very important to have proper nutrition.
The share of proteins account for about 40% of the dry weight of the brain. In the gray matter of the proteins are half solid matter, and white – one-third. Proteins of the brain can easily be connected with the lipids (fats), carbohydrates, nucleic acids and other non-protein components.
Proteins, as we know, consist of amino acids. Scientists have shown that the total content of amino acids in human brain tissue in 8 times their concentration in the blood.
Found that proteins in the brain are actively updated. Especially at high speed updates proteins differ in gray matter and cerebellum.
What does all this mean?
This means that students are actively feeding children should be rich in protein food. Animal proteins better and faster absorbed by the human body than vegetable proteins, as their structure closer to the structure of the proteins in our body.
Therefore, sending the Future a student in school be sure to cook him breakfast, including meats, fish, cheese, cottage cheese, milk or eggs (your choice). It will only benefit your child!
Children aged 1-3 years should get 55 grams of protein, at the age of 4-6 years – 72 g protein, at the age of 7-9 years – 89 g protein, at the age of 10-12 years – 100 grams of protein, at the age of 13 – 15 – 106 grams of protein per day.
In the gray matter of brain phospholipids constitute more than 60% of total lipids, and in the white matter – about 40%. That’s basically where we are consumed by phosphorus. Lipids account for about half of the dry weight of the brain.
The exchange of lipids proceeds with a low rate, they are updated very slowly. Fatty acids are the solvents of vitamins A, D, E, K and go to the “construction” of cell membranes, hormones involved in metabolism.
Lipid metabolism of the brain changes with age. Thus, in infants in the brain of 2 g of cholesterol in the first year the amount increases by about a factor of 3. In the adult brain tissue also contains a lot of cholesterol – about ’25
But the synthesis of cholesterol in adults is sharply reduced, until his termination.
Oh, this cholesterol because the body needs in childhood, and so cruelly sclerotic vessels in adulthood and old age!
What we can do, to use a child or student to fatty foods?
Yes, it can not be avoided, but it needs the body in much smaller amounts than protein. I would suggest that the ratio of 1:5, because the lipids, as we already know, updated very slowly.
The older the person, the more carefully it must approach the choice of fatty foods. Good, and there is a way out: you should choose foods with polyunsaturated fatty acids – Omega 3, Omega-6.
A unique product for the brain is fish, especially marine. In the fish are digestible proteins, fats in the form of Omega, phosphorus, iodine and other trace elements necessary for the brain.
Therefore, the key to a great school for your children may be two fish of the day in the week. A useful feature is the red and black caviar.
Butter is rich in vitamins A and D, is ideal for students of junior and middle classes, but the older students go to the best sunflower or olive oil.
Scientists have calculated that up to 1 minute per 100 g of tissue of the human brain uses up to 5 mg of glucose. Nevertheless, compared with other tissues, brain tissue is poor in carbohydrates, which are represented by glucose and glycogen.
This is explained by the fact that glucose is the major substrate for respiration of brain tissue over 90% recyclable brain glucose is oxidized to carbon dioxide and water, and this is the process of respiration, which necessarily includes oxygen.
With a little weight (2-3% of body weight) brain in a state of physical rest consumes oxygen 20-25% of the total consumption of all of his body, and with intense mental activity – up to 50%. Particularly intense consumption of oxygen the cells of the cerebral cortex and cerebellum.
So if we can deprive the brain of the substrate to breath? Definitely not. Therefore, the menu of every person, and even more excellent worker, in sufficient quantities to be present carbohydrates, the final breakdown product of which, in particular, is glucose.
Bread, pasta, fruits and vegetables all carbohydrate foods. Do not deny your child and sweet.
Excellent tile deserved a good chocolate and a cup of sweet coffee ,the perfect stimulant for overstayed on the literature of the student. Naturally, all within reasonable limits.
Nourishes the brain grapes and raisins.
Minerals – sodium, potassium, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese – are distributed in the brain are relatively evenly between the gray and white matter, but more phosphorus in the white matter.
Vitamins are components of enzymes that catalyze the purpose of which the exchange of proteins, lipids and carbohydrates.
Rich in vitamins and trace elements fruits, vegetables, herbs and meat. The meat has almost everything you need for the intensive work of the brain, which again confirms the importance of inclusion in the diet of this product.
According to recent research scientists, an important role in the nutrition of the brain is given forest berries: cranberries, blueberries, strawberries, blackberries. A nice vitamin juice, you can please your baby before going to school.
Vegetable cabbage is preferable – it contains amino acids, and beets – it is rich in antioxidants.
For replenishment of trace elements are ideal for nuts and seeds.
Natural food can enrich specifically to improve the mental activity of vitamin-mineral complexes. Many of them also contain amino acids: glutamic acid, gamma-aminobutyric.
There are some amino acid preparations. Such complexes are differentiated by age, so carefully read the abstract and do not exceed the specified dosage. It is best to consult a doctor.
A special category of students – are students who are studying on a daily offices of universities, technical schools, colleges, high schools and colleges. The life of “fraternity” in most cases is not ordered, meals, too.
Escaping from parental care, young people rush to enjoy the freedom and independence, often depriving themselves of sleep for a fun party, protracted until morning. How much nutrition here, time to be at the lecture!
The first couple of sessions – interrupted sleep on the desk and thought about the big break, when you can rush into the dining room and eat a sausage or sandwich.
One person who requested the runs to take first place, and that in fact short break, hungry a lot and everyone wants to make it.
Stay move in order in the mode, and nutrition. Of course, I want to do everything, but do not sacrifice your health, because mental stress, particularly in universities, is quite high for those who really learn.
In addition to proper nutrition is important to study the mood of the child, his desire, responsibility, curiosity, hard work. Someone in the class of all captures (the audience), but someone has to work and at home.
If you see that your student is working hard, doing homework, mumbling something under his breath, memorizing poems and formulas, reinforced his full effort for the brain food.
Such students usually receive the highest award for study at school – a gold medal, and later, and the Red diploma, because they have developed a skill to learn. Of these graduates obtain highly qualified specialists.